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    The C Major Scale

    The C Major scale is often considered to be the easiest scale on the piano, mainly because it has no sharps (#) or flats (♭) in the key signature. However, if you consider comfort of playing and keeping track of your fingering, you’ll quickly discover that C Major scales are in fact one of the more difficult piano scales to execute well. In this lesson, we’re going to thoroughly cover how to play and practice C major piano scales.

    C Major Scale Overview
    Keyboard Layout C Major Scale Keyboard Layout
    Staff Layout C Major Scale Staff Layout
    Key Signature No sharps (♯), No flats (♭)
    Notes of Scale C D E F G A B C
    RH Fingering 1 2 3 - 1 2 3 4 - 5
    LH Fingering 5 - 4 3 2 1 - 3 2 1
    Relative Scale A Minor Scale
    Parallel Scale C Minor Scale

    How to play the C Major scale on the piano

    The C major scale, along with every other scale on the piano, can be broken down into one group of 3 notes (shown in red) and one group of 4 notes (shown in blue), along with a single note added either to start or finish the scale (shown in green). The alternating groups of 3 and 4 notes can be played all the way up and down the keyboard in succession.

    Visualizing the C Major Scale layout on the keyboard

    • The group of 3 notes (red) will always be played with fingers 1,2,3.
    • The group of 4 notes (blue) will always be played with fingers 1,2,3,4.

    If you look at the layout of the right and left hand, you will notice that the positions are a mirror image of one another.

    Breaking down the C Major Scale into its core positions

    The following charts will help you visualize the patterns of the C major scale.

    C Major scale chart for the Right Hand:

    C Major Scale Chart Right Hand

    C Major scale chart for the Left Hand:

    C Major Scale Chart Left Hand

    Reading the C Major Scale on the staff

    This is what the C major scale looks like on the staff. The fingering here is color coded to match your Scale Position Charts.

    C Major Piano Scale One Octave

    Playing the C Major Scale with hands together

    Playing with your hands together presents different challenges than playing with hands separately. When playing the scale together, it’s important to focus on moments when the hands connect and unify rather than the positions each hand. The following charts show how particular focal points to hone in on with the C Major scale:

    The first landmark to notice is where the 3rd fingers fall together. In the case of the C Major scale, this is on the notes E and A. So, every time you play an E or A, both hands will be playing 3rd finger.

    C Major Scale Hands Together

    The next landmark is the hand position with fingers 2 and 1 that falls in between the 3rd finger landmark above. On the notes F and G, fingers one and two play in a mirror image that you can hold and visualize as a position. I sometimes call this the “lobster claw” position because your 1st and 2nd fingers form a kind of pincer shape.

    C Major Scale Hands Together

    Expanding the C Major Scale to more octaves

    Going from one to two octaves is the hardest step, but once you get comfortable with this, it will be much easier to expand into three and four octaves. It is important to keep the hand positions in mind so that you keep the scale compartmentalized in your mind rather than getting lost in the long string of notes.

    Here is the C Major scale displayed in 2 octaves on the staff:

    C Major Piano Scale 2 Octaves

    Practicing the C Major Scale effectively

    1. Always play scales with strong, active, even, and independent fingers. Never play like you’re just typing! Always exert effort and play with energy and conviction. This will build strength in your fingers and allow you to control them.
    2. Keep your thumb resting over the keys at all times. Don’t let it droop below the keyboard or hold tensely above the keys.
    3. Try holding down the positions as you play up and down the scale.

    For a complete and detailed overview of how to practice scales, please read this article.

    Other techniques related to the C Major Piano Scale:

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    Loren Fishman

    Loren Fishman

    Loren Fishman is an award-winning concert pianist who has been teaching in both private University settings for over 20 years. Ninja Piano is an effort to make professional piano instruction and resources accessible to everyone.

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